The History of Art Painting
Art painting is the process of applying paint, oil or other liquid medium to a flat surface. The medium most commonly used is usually applied on the top with a brush, although other tools, including airbrushes, sponges and knives can also be used. The paint usually comes in a palette with coordinating colors.
The origins of abstract art are not clear. However, it originated centuries ago in Spain. The term “abstract art” gained currency in the late part of the 20th century and has since become one of the major trademarks of modern art. It is now widely accepted as an expressive means to create personal and artistic expression.
Abstraction is the basis of all modern art. The word “abstraction” derives from the Latin word “abstraction” which means turning away from reality. However, painting and drawing have become more abstract in the past few decades. Abstract art began its existence centuries ago, and its origins remain largely untapped.
The process of abstract art actually started with the departure of the Egyptians from their customary basking and mask making procedures. They began to draw on the walls of temples, tombs and homes. This was followed by the Romans and their art of vellum, which was thicker than their plaster, which allowed more freedom for the artist. From these early efforts came abstract drawing and painting techniques, which were later refined by the likes of Rembrandt and Dada.
The Venetian school of painting developed a technique called encaustic painting, which was far more elaborate than the preparatory methods of the early Italian artists. Encaustic painting relied on moist paints applied on a rough surface, which gradually peeled away to reveal the more intricately detailed portions of the image. The concept was borrowed from the ancient art of the Egyptians, and was refined by the Italians. The Italian student Lucio Fontana furthered the development of the technique, which became known as the lost art of the Renaissance.
The nineteenth century saw the appearance of many new schools of painting, which led to the splitting up of the styles into two. The Impressionist style was founded on the works of Paul Gauguin and his circle of admirers. It attempted to replicate the natural colors of nature, using mainly the duller shades of browns, blacks and grays. The impressionists relied heavily on geometric patterns to produce unique paintings. The Romanticist style, founded on Cubism, used circular motifs to create a sense of movement, with a near focus on texture.