What is Realism Art?
Realism, sometimes known as realismism, in the fine arts is the attempt to portray the subject matter realistically, without being overly abstract or symbolic and devoid of supernatural or dream elements. It is a style that is generally non-ideological, often advocating a strong separation between the artist’s feelings and his or her work. It is also a highly individualistic style. The works of realists tend to have a strong sense of the environment and surrounding environment and are very descriptive in their presentation.
One of the most well-known realist painters is Manet. The Pre-Raphaelites were among the first modern artists to promote realism in their work, as were the German Expressionists. However, realism soon lost favor as abstract expressionism replaced it in the late twentieth century. It has, however, recently been gaining popularity with the advent of new mass media, particularly the computer and video games.
Realism can be found in a wide variety of art forms. Realism can be found in paintings, art photography, fashion modeling, film and television, literature, music, and architecture. In contemporary art, realism is used to refer to a particular aesthetic quality in a work of art that makes it different from other works of the same category, while maintaining the familiarity of the subject matter.
Tom Wesselmann is a good example of an artist who has made a successful career out of portraying realistic subjects in his paintings. As he is well aware, not everything will always be viewed in the same way. Wesselman illustrates this fact through his use of varying textures and shapes in his paintings, making them appear to have a three dimensional appearance. Wesselmann’s paintings are filled with what he terms “activity” and are highly descriptive in their vision. This is another quality that is common in works by realists.
The medium of painting is itself a form of realism, as it attempts to capture the feeling of three-dimensional space. However, realism must also be distinguished from hyper-realism, which is a genre of painting that exaggerates form and color. Examples of hyper-realistic works include famous examples such as Pablo Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), or Vincent Van Gogh’s The Rocks (1940). While both genres of art can be highly successful, there are key differences between the two. For hyper-realistic works, reality is distorted in some way and the resulting work is very unique. For realistic works, reality is near perfect and the end product is usually very similar to what the artist saw in his own mind.
In general, when comparing realism with abstract art, you will notice that both tend to play with light and color intensity. Abstract art tends to be highly concentrated in its colors and forms. realism on the other hand, offers a wider variety of color choices, often choosing shades that evoke images from the imagination rather than the physical world. Another way to define realism is the depth of field, or the ability to perceive an object at multiple perspectives, as is the case with paintings by Dutch master Vincent van Gogh. Art historians and critics agree that realism is a key element in modern art.